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Marmoleum - How it's made

Marmoleum natural by nature

Marmoleum, Forbo's brand for linoleum, is a floor made from natural raw materials. This makes Marmoleum the sustainable flooring choice.

Raw Materials Marmoleum Flax

How it's made

The craft of manufacturing linoleum has evolved over the last 150 years. Forbo has been driving this development through its Marmoleum brand. Making Marmoleum flooring is an art, which you cannot learn at any trade - or craft school. In fact, only a handful of people know how to make Marmoleum.

Determining the correct mixture of ingredients, allowing the right time for raw materials to settle, applying the correct temperature and pressure are skills a Marmoleum Expert must master. We are proud of our experts, as they take pride in creating our Marmoleum floors.

Watch the video to find out how we make Marmoleum

Fact: Marmoleum flooring naturally prevents the growth of bacteria

Production process

Marmoleum is made from the following ingredients

Flax seed oil

The main ingredient in Marmoleum is flax seed oil, produced by pressing the seeds of the flax plant. The flax plant is an easy-to-cultivate species delivering annual crops of flax seed as well as fibres for the textile industry.

Properties of Flax:
• Removes CO2 during its life
• Almost no waste in the production chain
• Flax seed oil: rapidly renewable virgin raw material

Flax Flower

Wood Flour

Wood flour is obtained from the waste material of the timber industry. The wood of roots and branches are finely ground and used in linoleum. No tropical hardwoods are ever used.

Properties of Wood Flour:
• Trees remove CO2 during their growth
• Recycled product from the wood industry
• Wood flour is derived from a renewable raw material

Wood Flour

Pine Rosins

Pine rosins are mixed with the vegetable oil pressed from the flax seed to produce a flexible binder. The pine trees, from which the rosins are extracted, come from controlled forestry locations throughout the world.

Properties of Rosins:
• Originating from trees that remove CO2 during their growth
• Rapidly renewable virgin raw material

Pine rosins


The reverse side of Marmoleum is made from woven jute. Jute (also known as hessian or burlap) is a natural and important eco-friendly vegetable fibre. It is produced from the stalks of the jute plant. Jute is plentiful and highly renewable.

Properties of Jute:
• No waste-crop, taking up CO2 during growth
• Rapidly renewable virgin raw material



Limestone is one of the world’s most abundant resources. After sand, it is the most available natural material in the world.

Properties of Limestone
• Abundant virgin raw material
• Is an inert material



When it comes to our beautiful colours, only ecologically friendly pigments are used.

Properties of the Pigments
• Virgin raw material - Titanium white - iron oxide based - durable
• Other pigments - organic

Linoleum pigments

Forbo green Marmoleum factory